Front. Hum. Dyn., 26 May 2021 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fhumd.2021.660682
This paper derives from a larger research on gender-based violence and precarity in the forced migration journeys of asylum-seeking women transiting through the Eastern Mediterranean route and arriving in Greece, in the tumultuous, second decade of the 21st century. In this paper we present the findings from the first phase of the research. We analyze and discuss the opinions and information gathered through semi-structured interviews with twenty key informants: service providers, staff of international and national NGOs, local government staff and public officials. Our findings locate the five points/loci in irregular cross-border movements and arrival at an EU member-state where precarity interweaves with gender-based violence. The first locus, is in transit and EU and Greek border crossing; second, during the asylum determination process; third, in their everyday life when they must deal with homelessness and harsh living conditions; fourth, in the deficiency of care services further aggravated by intersectional discrimination; finally, by being trapped in abusive settings and relationships due to the ineffective state response, a sluggish criminal justice system, and the victim’s financial dependence on the perpetrator. Adopting a feminist and intersectional approach our analysis shows that violence and precarity are co-constituted and reinforce each other through the undermining of the citizenship status of asylum seekers and the inscription, on their bodies and lives, of unequal gendered social and institutional power relations.
Tyszler, E. (2020). Humanitarianism and Black female bodies : violence and intimacy at the Moroccan-Spanish border. Journal of North African Studies, 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1080/13629387.2020.1800211
Around Ceuta and Melilla, progressive Moroccan migration policies implemented since 2013 have not produced much positive change, as political, diplomatic and economic issues take over, producing a violent game of borders, both material and symbolic, racialised and gendered. Through an ethnographic approach, this article addresses the issue of violence experienced by migrants from Central and West Africa on the Moroccan– Spanish border, emanating from humanitarian and religious actors. Based on two and a half years of field research in Morocco (mainly in Rabat and in the North) and the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla, with a special attention to embodied experiences of the border, this contribution shows that the humanitarianism practiced in a border town in Northern Morocco is also a space for updating relations of race and gender, which can, contrary to its claims, lead to even greater constraints on the mobility of people, notably women, being ‘helped’, and can reproduce a racialised and gendered order at the border. This contribution also proposes to reconnect this contemporary violence to history and underline the coloniality of such humanitarianism. KEYWORDS Borders; gender; humanitarianism; migration control; race
Tyszler, E. (2019). The performative effects of the European war on migrants.
Masculinities and feminities at the Moroccan-Spanish border. Gender a výzkum / Gender and Research, 20 (1) : 40-66. http://dx.doi.org/10.13060/25706578.2019.20.1.462 Special Issue on Transnational migration : Borders, gender and global justice challenges, edited by Zuzana Uhde & Petra Ezzeddine
This article ethnographically explores how Central and West African masculinities and femininities are shaped and reshaped at the Moroccan-Spanish border in the context of the increased securitisation and politicisation of migrations from the global South to the global North. Apart from the migration regime at the outer border of the European Union, it also examines the role of the humanitarian regime in policing black migrants’ gender identities. It aims to address an important aspect of the mobility experiences and bordering effects that tends to go under-researched. Drawing on long-term fieldwork, which was carried out between 2015 and 2017, it presents detailed ethnographic examples of the construction of masculinities and femininities at the border and asks how these work to help or prevent mobility. Analysis of the intersections of the gender regime and the racialised migratory regime reveals the coloniality of security migration policies. Keywords: borders, femininities, masculinities, migration policies, violence
Evangelia Tastsoglou, Guest Editor, Transnational, Feminist and Intersectional Perspectives on Immigrants and Refugees in Canada, CANADIAN ETHNIC STUDIES JOURNAL, Volume 51, Number 3, 2019
Table of Contents: 1. Transnational, Feminist and Intersectional Perspectives on Immigrants and Refugees in Canada: An Introduction by Evangelia Tastsoglou 2. Contesting Gender Discrimination in the Canadian Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program by Christina Gabriel and Laura Macdonald 3. (Re)Producing Gender: Refugee Advocacy and Sexual and Gender-Based Violence in Refugee Narratives by Evangelia Tastsoglou and Shiva Nourpanah 4. Locating Intersectionality in Transnational Aid Activism: An Autoethnography of a Disaster Response by Glenda Tibe Bonifacio 5. Mobilizing Mothering: Chinese Migrant Mothers and Transnational Cultural Capital by Yidan Zhu 6. Intergenerational Relations and Gendered Social Surveillance of Second-Generation South Asians by Kara Somerville 7. Social Reproduction and Transnational Migration: Navigating Institutional Processes in Childcare by Middle-Class Mainland Chinese Immigrant Families in Canada by Guida Man 8. Journeys to a Diasporic Self by Jane Ku 9. Learning More About Ann Barden Denis: A Dedication by Linda Christiansen-Ruffman
Tyszler, E. (2018). « Boza ! » disent aussi les femmes. Vacarme, 83(2), 82‑91. https://doi.org/10.3917/vaca.083.0082
La répression de la migration, la militarisation des frontières aggravent les violences de genre et les rapports de domination entre les sexes. Peut-on se fier aux discours politiques qui prétendent libérer les femmes bloquées aux frontières ? Une étude de terrain menée au Maroc entre 2015 et 2017 permet de décrire des figures de résistance, qui bouleversent l’imaginaire de la frontière.
Grotti Vanessa, Malakasis Cynthia, Quagliariello Chiara, Sahraoui Nina. Temporalities of emergency: Migrant pregnancy and healthcare networks in Southern European borderlands, Social Science & Medicine, Volume 222, 2019, pp. 11-19.
In Greece, Italy, and Spain, austerity policies combined with the structural density of migration flows have had concrete social and material manifestations in the delivery of public health care. Through our ethnographic case studies in Lampedusa and southeastern Sicily, Melilla, and Athens, we examine the maternity care offered to migrant patients in the midst and the aftermath of the so-called “migration crisis” in state and non-state structures. Research was conducted in Athens and southeastern Sicily from August 2016 to August 2017; in Melilla from August 2016 to October 2016 and in January 2017; and in Lampedusa from August 2016 to January 2017. Data collected consist in semi-structured interviews and long-term ethnographic observations. The article explores whether and how the understanding or the labeling of the maternity care of migrants as an emergency within a context of professed crisis generates new norms of care within health-care delivery. Our findings suggest a) the adoption of solutions or practices that in the past might have been considered urgent, ad hoc, or creative; b) their normalization, deeply connected to the wider social landscape of these European peripheries and c) the institutionalization of humanitarianism in the context of these practices. Our research points out temporalities of emergency against the background of a professed migration crisis. In the context of austerity-driven underfunding, temporary solutions become entrenched, producing a lasting emergency. Yet, we argue that “emergency” can, at some point, generate practices of resistance that undermine, subtly yet significantly, its own normalization.